Essay On The Juvenile Justice System

1082 Words 4 Pages
Since the beginning, the juvenile justice system has advanced from witnessing children being sentenced in adult courts to a system that struggles to protect the welfare of juvenile delinquents, but to also be firm on the acts of crime to protect the public from harm. With the development of times reforms made to the juvenile justice system changed from the initial goal of changing the system to a less severe one to a system that has a unique resemblance to the adult criminal justice system.
The sources for change started with the opening of the House of Refuge in 1825. Before this time juvenile delinquents who were over the age of seven were sentenced as adults in the criminal justice system. Other states began to open reform schools to increase
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The juvenile court system had denied children procedural rights which were normally made available to adult offenders. Due process rights, jury trials, freedom from self-incrimination, and freedom from unreasonable search and seizure was not measured of importance in the juvenile court system because the main source was not punishment but rehabilitation. Though, the vision of trying to rehabilitate the children was not accomplished, individuals treatment methods were unsuccessful and delinquency rates had climbed.
Reform efforts began in the 1960’s and had changed the look of the juvenile system. In the 1960’s and 1970’s the Supreme Court of the United States drastically changed the juvenile justice system when it had distributed many decisions that launched the right of juveniles to receive due process of the law, (in re Gault). The Court had found that juveniles had the same rights as adults in important parts of the trial process, including the rights to confront witnesses, notice of charges and the right to
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The rise in crime had hit high in 1994 and then slowly decreased. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 were revised to contain conditions that would permit states to try juveniles as adults for violent crimes and some weapon charges. This paper will continue to explore the importance of juvenile justice reform today. After many years of disciplinary, tough on crime reactions to the crime and disobedience, there has been a noticeable swing in the latest years surrounding juvenile justice issues. Officials are gradually returning to the initial principles of juvenile justice by acknowledging that juveniles are still growing and should be given chances for treatment, rehabilitation and positive reinforcement. By means of advocacy, legislations many states have effectively increased community substitutions to jail and prison and drastically decrease the number of juveniles that are in

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