Essay On Sickle Cell Anemia

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Sickle -cell anemia is a disease that affects the shape of red blood cells and it causes them to become a sickle shape. Sickle cell anemia was first noticed around 1670, in a tribe called Krobo in Ghana, Africa. In 1910 a physician in Chicago named James Herrick was the first person to first describe it clinically (Kiple). Since then much more information has been discovered on this disease. Such as this is a disease that people inherit from their parents if both are carriers. There are many symptoms for this disease due to it being in the blood and blood needs to flow all over the body. There is more than one way to diagnose it, which consists of checking the types of cells in the blood and molecules in the cells. It can be found in many …show more content…
Bacterial and fungal infections are also common for people with sickle cell, since they get infections more frequently than a person without the disease (Dowshen). This is due to the damage of the spleen, which is the organ that helps to protect people from infections (Lerner). This disease affects many other organs because it can block blood streams which can be in any part of the body. Liver and heart enlargement and kidney failure are also common symptoms caused by sickle cell anemia (Dowshen). Since most areas of the body need blood to flow, and sickle cells are in the blood, this disease can really affect the person living with it their entire life and at any point. When it comes to sickle cell trait, People with it usually do not feel symptoms at all but some may in some conditions like in higher elevations with low …show more content…
Such as for the infections, doctors prescribe antibiotics to prevent or cure them. There are also some treatments to prevent the cells from becoming their sickle shape. One popular drug is Hydroxyurea, which will activate the genes that make fetal hemoglobin (Hoehn).Which is hemoglobin that will not form into a sickle shape. Another way to try to prevent the sickling of blood cells is to drink water and avoid dehydration, and avoid situations or conditions that will cause their oxygen levels to drop

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