Essay On STI

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STI or sexually transmitted infection is any infection or disease that can be passed from one person to another during sexual activity, STI’s are common all over the world. Sexually transmitted infections include chlamydia, herpes, syphilis, hepatitis and HIV. Recent research of students across Australia in Years 10-12 shows the majority -78%- are sexually active to some degree. A lot of teens are not aware of the risks of getting a STI and so they are at more of a risk. It is in important for them to be educated properly because of how serious this issue is.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a lot like other viruses, such as ones that cause the common cold. However unlike other viruses, the immune system cannot get rid of HIV. Once you
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The first stage is called acute infection or seroconversion, and it typically happens within two to six weeks after exposure or becoming infected. This is when the body 's immune system puts up a fight against HIV. The symptoms of acute infection look similar to those of other viral illnesses and are often compared to those of the flu. After the first period, the immune system loses the battle with HIV and symptoms go away. HIV infection goes into its second stage, which can be a long period without symptoms, called the asymptomatic (or latent) period. Because of lack of symptoms during this period, people may not know they are infected and could potentially pass on the disease. How long this phase lasts depends on how quickly the HIV virus copies itself, and how the person 's gene affects the way the body handles the virus. Some people can go 10 years or longer without symptoms. Others may have symptoms and worsening immune function within a few years after the original infection. The last stage is the infection eventually developing into AIDS, which eventually leads to death. The immune systems response to HIV will usually have an effective response over the first few months, however eventually the response will become ineffective. The responses come in two forms: cellular and humoral. The cellular response refers to the activity of the CD4 and CD8 T cells, the latter known as cytotoxic lymphocytes. The humoral response refers to antibody production and

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