Essay On Role Of Women During The Civil War

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The Civil War disrupted many American lives. Improved technology and a lack of medical knowledge increased the amount of casualties during the war. It became necessary that women take on different roles to fill in for their husbands and sons who could not perform these tasks. During the war, women could become nurses and take on other jobs without as much hostility from society. Even in homes women 's roles expanded as they took on more responsibility. Women gained more freedoms but they still needed to fight for their rights and status in society. Slavery ended, which changed the roles and lives of many black women. They received more control over their lives, but they did not escape from racism and sexism. Society forced black women into …show more content…
Many women held teaching positions or similar jobs that society deemed acceptable for women. During the war it became necessary that they took on more jobs traditionally deemed unacceptable like manual labor jobs or jobs found in the city. Women in the South took on a larger responsibility on their farms. It became more common that women worked in factories as well. Some women, like Anna Dickinson, started their careers in the government by speaking on behalf of the Republican Party (Flexner 102). Another group of women fought to become lawyers after the war (Flexner 115). Nursing became a very common position for women to take during the war, which allowed women to penetrate the field easier and feel like they were contributing to the war. Although women’s jobs expanded, they still dealt with discrimination. Women who worked received lower wages compared to men which still persist today. Currently, men get associated with certain jobs. Women’s careers opportunities increased due to a greater need for workers during the Civil War. The war gave them a greater chance to find jobs not typically designated for …show more content…
During the Civil War many white women took on roles considered to be only for men. They became the sole provider for their families while their husbands fought or if they died. Women took on more responsibilities outside their homes too. Many women raised money or supplies for the war effort. Even before the war, a shift occurred within the home. More and more women joined reform groups or participated in movements outside of their homes. This gave women a chance to recede from their roles at home. Before the Civil War, some states did allow women to hold their property or control the wages they earned. After the war more states legalized women’s rights to hold property and control over their wages (Kerber 177-8). This allowed women to gain more rights within their marriages and in the eyes of the law. An increase in responsibilities during the war permitted women to expand their roles in their family

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