Religious Movements In North America

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Religious movements have been rising all over the world for more than a few centuries. These movements are generally ‘founded by a charismatic and sometimes highly authoritarian leader who is thought to have extraordinary powers or insights (Rubinstein, 2016).’ There are several types of religious movements, such as reactive movements, accommodating movements, spirit movements, New Revelation Sects, imported religions, golden age movements, and finally, hybrid religions.
“Reactive Movements” are those movements that involve a response to stress, usually social or political (Ellwood, 2013)”. It means one party feels threatened by a change in their way of life, and therefore they act in response to the change. For example, in North America, the
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“Sects” are considered to be negative, sort of like the “cult”. The ones who practice religions, who still practice a lot of the original religious’ ways, do not like to be called sects for that very reason. Over time, these smaller groups were come to be known as denominations. These groups are the foundation of many religions. Some stay as small groups, some even fade away, while others evolve or become new religions. A good example is the Mormons, a denomination called Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Joseph Smith is the founder, and smaller sects were created when the new revelation was banned. These smaller sects did this to keep practicing their faith so they may continue to have numerous wives. Churches accommodate the values and goals of civic society, whereas a sect more or less renounces the goals of the prevailing culture or even opposed civil authority and often also withdraws from society (Clasquin-Johnson, 2011). These practices demonstrate large religious groups branching off into smaller groups, and adopting foreign religious beliefs can cause the breakdown of larger groups to smaller ones as they are …show more content…
The "Golden Age Movements" involve what is believed by the adherents to be a return to the faith of a prior "golden age" when people were closer to the divine (Ellwood, 2013). These movements illustrate ideas and practices from the centralized religions, but they do not claim to be associated with those religions. Two subgroups emerged; Feminist Spirituality Groups and the Pagan groups. Both groups of enthusiasts believe they should regress to the original religious faiths, which occurred before the Patriarchal Revolution. The feminist Spirituality Groups, or “Goddess Movement”, believed in a single goddess in which they called, "Mother of all". However, the Pagan group favored the idea of regressing to the roots of pre-Judeo Christianity. Unlike the "goddess movement", the Pagan believes the divine is female as well as male and therefore there is a Goddess as well as a God (David, 1997). For example, the Temple of Isis (not to be confused with the radical group of terrorists) is considered a Goddess Movement. Furthermore, ‘the Native American 's religions, as well as Hinduism, are both forms of Paganism. For Paganism, returning to the pre-Judeo-Christians usually requires returning back to the prior faith of a shamanistically based religion such as Hybrid Religions.
Hybrid religions are ‘groups that have assimilated ideas and practices from the monotheistic world religions into

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