What Is Juvenile Delinquents?

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1. INTRODUCTION:
Juvenile delinquents is a term specified for minors belonging to age group upto 16 years (in India) who have committed some antisocial or unlawful act. In general terms these acts are termed as “crimes” when concerned to adults but when we talk about juveniles such acts are legally coined as “delinquent acts”.[2] Though the age specified to be a juvenile varies from country to country. Delinquent acts can be further classified into two broad types-
1. Serious crimes
2. Status crimes.
Serious crimes may include violent offending such as homicide, assault, etc. whereas status crimes are more related to antisocial behavior rather than criminal activities, e.g. truancy, substance abuse etc. This is a classification based on the
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In the light of this absolute standard, children are supposed to follow very strict rules defined by their parents. In case the children fail to comply with such rules they are punished. It’s observed that the authoritarian parents usually fail to come up with reasoning behind such rules (Cherry, 2015). Authoritarian parents exhibit low responsiveness and they are highly demanding. In this style of parenting, parents emphasize on conformity and obedience and thus expect that they are obeyed without explanation in a less warm environment. Furthermore, authoritarian parents display low level of engagement and trust toward their children. They most often discourage open communication and make strict control of a child’s behaviour. In other words, it is widely believed that an authoritarian parent is forceful, punitive and believes that a child should adhere to work in accordance to ethics and should be obedient. In the authoritarian parenting style, parents are more concerned with the traditional family structure; therefore, they limit the child’s autonomy along with the parent-child relationship. Since the foremost concern of this parenting style rests within the traditional family structure, the child is demanded to adhere to parent’s orders without any questions; therefore, it can be argued that authoritarian parenting style tends to rely on rules that are considered as concrete (Hoskins, 2014). This style is related with the lower level of ability and self-confidence to employ coping mechanisms among adolescents and thus restricts a child to explore his/her capabilities and social interactions, eventually resulting in the child’s dependence on parental guidance and direction (Nijhof and Engels,

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