Essay On Impact Of Tourism On Big Island

2387 Words 10 Pages
Negative Impacts of Tourism on the Big Island Hawai’i Island, Hawaii, otherwise known as the Big Island, is the largest island in the Hawaiian archipelago. The Big Island’s population was estimated to be 196,428 in 2015 (Census 2015). The number of tourists per year far exceeds the number of residents. In 2014, the number of tourists that visited the Big Island reached 1,445,939 (Big Island Now). With record setting highs in visitor numbers, the island must keep up with the continual demand for tourist resources and accommodations, because tourism is the leading economic sector in this county. With more and more people visiting the island, more change is in ensue. These changes in the community to accommodate tourism have had several impacts on the Big Island. This essay describes the numerous impacts that tourism has on the island. Topics to be further discuss include a description of the geography, types of popular tourist’s activities on the island, resource use by the tourism industry, and the negative impacts that the industry has on the environment, socio-economics, and the Native Hawaiian’s culture.
Geography of the Big Island The largest of the islands of Hawaii, the Big Island has an area of 4,038 miles and it is 62% of the state’s land cover (Big Island Travel Guide). The island is the most diverse of the five islands, with a
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The growth of the tourism sector has made the economy overly dependent on the tourism sector (Matsuoka 1988). Tourism industries are foreigner dominant enterprises that many locals do not see as beneficial to them personally, like how it is beneficial to the economy. With more than 6,000 hotels in West Hawaii, and a large portion of those in the Big Island, about one in ten people work in hotels or resorts and many of the service and retail businesses account for 40% of the workforce

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