Essay On Healthy Eating And Body Mass Index

751 Words 4 Pages
CHAPTER 2

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 INTRODUCTION

This chapter will cover on the further explanation on the term healthy eating and body mass index and its relationship as the extension from the previous chapter. This chapter will also mention on the previous research that had been conducted on this topic and the findings that had led to this research.

2.2 HEALTHY EATING

In general, healthy eating is an eating practice that could lead a person to have a healthy body and mind and it also could develop to be an individual’s eating habit and behavior. Nordqvist (2013) stated that healthy eating practice is an eating practice of a person to consume foods which contain all the food groups such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins,and vitamins
…show more content…
Hawkes (2013) stated that unhealthy eating is one of the factors that contribute to higher risk of getting chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases. Practising unhealthy eating habits such as taking food that have excessive nutrients and high calories would also lead to higher risk of getting obese and overweight ( Gan et al. 2011). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 63% of the global deaths are resulted from the non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and chronic respiratory diseases (Hawkes 2013). Therefore, the situation above had explained well the importance of healthy eating practices among people in this world as it could contribute to a healthier …show more content…
Therefore, Body Mass Index plays an important role on determining not only the nutritional status of a person but also their health status.

According to Mohd Ismail Noor et al. (2010) in Malaysian Dietary Guideline 2010, although Body Mass Index (BMI) is not a direct measure of body weight status of an individual, however, it is also a good approximation to indicate not only a person’s body fat but also their body weight status. Body weight status of a person can be divided into four classes which is underweight, normal which indicates an ideal and healthy range of a body weight, overweight and obese. A person’s dietary intake has high association with his or her body weight. This is due to the body needs energy to do work and the main source of energy is from foods that has been consumed by an individual. If the energy consumption from foods is more than the energy used by the body, then the unused energy can be converted to body fat which will contribute to increase in body weight.

2.3 PREVIOUS

Related Documents