Essay On Greek Civilization

1395 Words 6 Pages
The Greeks are an influential civilization, although the group does believe in some strange superstitions, such as not eating beans, for that fact that they believed beans contain souls of the dead (10 Facts About the Ancient Greeks)! Greece is a peninsula containing numerous islands, surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea on one side and the Aegean Sea on the other (Sakoulas “Introduction”). Its location is significant in helping create the Greek lifestyle, which highly depends on trade and seafaring. The “Mediterranean climate” brings about hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters (Geography, Environment, and Archaeology in Greece). Greek civilians must deal with environmental phenomena, such as shifting sea levels, irregular rainfall, and …show more content…
Archeologists’ excavations of a human skull in this region was found dating back to around that time (Sakoulas “The Stone Age). During this period, the people used their resources and crafting skills to their advantage by creating weapons and tools out of stone material (Sakoulas “The Stone Age). Although this may not seem like a major accomplishment today, back then this is a large step towards mankind’s progress. Based upon the findings of artifacts through archeologists, it has been concluded that Greek people were intelligent with the discoveries of pottery and evidence of developing social organization (Sakoulas “The Stone …show more content…
At this time all of the chief, major civilizations were deserted and the overall population of the area decreased dramatically (Sakoulas “The Dark Ages”). Those who were left pursued a nomadic lifestyle, in search of a better place to settle (Sakoulas “The Dark Ages”). Because of the fact that there were no written records from this time, it is assumed that they were illiterate (Sakoulas “The Dark Ages”). The Dark Ages was a difficult period with many negative attributes, however, there were few contributions made from this epoch. For example, when the Greeks relearned to write, they even added vowels to the old Phoenician alphabet instead of using the Mycenaean Linear B scrip like before (Sakoulas “The Dark Ages”). Revising the Phoenician written language is a major contribution as our alphabet today is derived from this basis. Another positive outcome that happened during the Dark Ages is the elimination of strict class hierarchy rule that came from the Mycenaeans which lead to the idea of democracy, like Athens practiced in the fifth century B.C.E. (Sakoulas “The Dark Ages”). The Dark Ages is also when the writing of Homer’s famous epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey occurred, as well as the first Olympic Games in 776 B.C.E. (Sakoulas “The Dark

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