History Of Gender Discrimination

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Ever since our country was first founded, gender discrimination has been an issue. By definition, gender discrimination is treating an individual differently in their employment because the individual is a women or a man.
This can affect hiring or firing an individual, promotions, compensation, benefits and job classifications. Even though gender discrimination is primarily focused on women, men also experience acts of this injustice. To this date, both men and women experience favoritism because of their sex. Since the 1800s women have been fighting towards equality in all aspects of their lives. Men experienced various types of advancements in their personal life and professional life since they were not seen as the “weaker sex”. Women
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In 1986, the Case Meritor Savings Bank v Vinson made it to the United States Supreme Court under the claim of a “hostile environment”. Michael Vinson sued Sidney Taylor who was the Vice President of Meritor Savings Bank at the time. Vinson was promoted over the years, but soon questioned her promotions if they were based on merit alone. Vinson was soon terminated for an excessive amount of sick leave. Michael Vinson filed a lawsuit under Title VII against Taylor and the bank. Vinson claimed that she was sexually harassed over the years that she had been working for the bank. Vinson who felt scared that she would lose her job would allow Taylor to make sexual advancements on her in order for her to keep her job. When the case reached the United States Supreme Court, there was a 9-0 ruling. All of the justices agreed that this was a type of sexual harassment and it should not be allowed in the work place. Justice William affirmed that sexual harassments under Title VII can include a hostile work environment where there has been a tangible loss of an economic character. The justices were all satisfying in the ruling after they stated that the plaintiff participation did not matter if it was voluntary but rather it was unwelcome. The Supreme Court also noted that the harassment but be based on gender that is extensive and created a hostile work environment.

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