Essay On Episodic Memory

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DeMaster, Pathman, Lee, and Ghetti (2014) found age-related differences in volumes of the hippocampal head, body, and tail, in children and young adults. They reported that better performance on an episodic memory task in adults was related to a smaller right hippocampal head and larger hippocampal body. However, in children between the ages of 8-11 years old, performance was related to a larger left hippocampal tail, suggesting that development of hippocampal subregions contributes to age-related differences in episodic memory.
Relations between hippocampal volume and age-related differences in episodic memory should be observed during early childhood because the hippocampus is changing rapidly during that period and at the same time improvement in episodic memory is also occurring. In a report examining
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Picard et. al; 2009; Fivush, 2011). Previous studies examining the neural correlates of autobiographical memory using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have found that the hippocampus also plays critical role in autobiographical memory (e.g. Cabeza et al., 2004; Daselaar et al., 2008). Specifically, studies comparing individuals with memory disorders such as Alzihmers and Schizophrenia and individuals without memory deficits, revealed that the hippocampal volume is related to autobiographical memory performance (Herold et al., 2013;. Philippi et al. 2015) A report that examined hippocampal volume and autobiographical memory performance in schizophrenic patients and matched healthy individuals, found autobiographical memory deficits were significantly correlated with volume of the left hippocampus (Herold et al.,

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