Essay On Egypt And Mesopotamian Civilizations

708 Words 3 Pages
The prodigious transition from humanity’s hunting and gathering age to the era of agriculture, commonly referred to as the Neolithic revolution, instituted collectively comparable civilizations such as Egypt and Mesopotamia. Although both Egypt and Mesopotamia fostered cultural architecture, rivers, and government, their societal structures differed due to their locations and theological perceptions. While both ancient civilizations established monumental architecture, the purpose for such structures vastly differed depending on cultural principles. Independently, Egypt and Mesopotamia similarly fashioned Pyramids and Ziggurats which similarly maintained a pyramidal shape, but more importantly were designed by prominently ranked figures …show more content…
Both Egypt and Mesopotamia merged spiritual and political fundamentals into their systemized governments. This combination structured the administration and leadership of these civilizations, coercing priestly or celestial rulers. Resultantly, these leaders’ close correlation with the gods obtained the confidence of the Egyptian and Mesopotamian populations, considerably evidencing the immense significance of religion in political elements of these ancient societies. Despite the similar blending of religion and government, Egypt and Mesopotamia’s political structures differed through the presence of cities and states. Whereas Egypt possessed a centralized and dominant ruler, Mesopotamia boasted self-governed cities. In Egypt, a single pharaoh ruled the civilization, obtaining utmost power and divinity. Contrastingly, Mesopotamia simultaneously occupied numerous rulers, enabling political control categorized by distinct areas. The Epic of Gilgamesh provides an astute example of this power distribution. The very subject of the narrative, Gilgamesh, prospered as the king of Uruk, a Mesopotamian city. Gilgamesh exhibits the grave complexity and organization of self-governed cities, displaying the political intricacy achieved by Mesopotamia far before Egypt. Though sharing a religiously grounded government, Mesopotamia and Egypt’s systemization of power starkly contrasts, allowing a better understanding of the political differences of these two

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