Essay On Egypt And Mesopotamia

766 Words 4 Pages
When looking back to ancient civilizations like Egypt and Mesopotamia, one can learn many interesting things about how each ruled their kingdoms. Many creations from each survive today and are considered part of the world’s wonders. This makes their monarchy’s worth close study to compare how each were able to create such wondrous structures, art and governments within their diverse geographies. While comparing and contrasting Egyptian pharaohs with Mesopotamian kings, one can see how both their distinctive geographies and art forms affected their attitude while strengthen their positions.
Firstly, when one compares and contrasts the two rulers, one sees they held similar, yet different positions in their time. Pharaohs, the first being King
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Both their unique geographies affected their attitude in how they worshiped their gods. Due to the surrounding areas they lived in, both believed in polytheism. For instance, Egypt worshiped gods like Hapi, god of the Nile because the Nile river was a source of life and strength for them. Likewise, an example of a Mesopotamian god is Adad, god of storm and rain because of their unbalanced weather patterns. The gods for both civilizations represented nature, they believed that patronage to them would bring good crops and prosperity. This affected the attitudes of both sovereigns, they equally claimed descent to the gods in order to show that they were destined to their thrones. Another part of the geography that affected their attitudes were the position of their rivers, the Nile River in Egypt protected its inhabitants. As well as, it unified a 750 length that gave the pharaoh an undefeatable attitude, which might explain why they did not feel the need to record their laws. Whereas, Mesopotamia had two rivers, Tigris and the Euphrates, which were shorter and unstable. Constant attacks led to the quick changes in their cultures that adapted to their previous customs, which could have led to the creation of Hammurabi’s Code to preserve the laws of the city-states …show more content…
Art played significant roles in both civilizations, they used it as a means to establish a permanent position in the afterlife. Mesopotamia created ziggurats in order to bring them closer to heaven. Royal graves yielded relics of beauty, jewelry, weapons, musical instruments, household items to show their wealth. Likewise, pharaohs were buried in giant pyramids with everything they would need in the afterlife, including carved and painted figures representing royal officers and such. Other art forms helped depict the rulers as dependents of god’s like at the top of Hammurabi’s Code, a relief of Hammurabi receiving the law from Shamash. Similarly, reliefs in Egypt portray the pharaoh getting gifts from gods like in the pillar relief of the pharaoh Sesostris receiving everlasting life from the god Amon. These arts reaffirmed to their followers how powerful of rulers they were and that the gods themselves backed them, which ensured loyalty

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