Essay On Effects Of Deforestation In Rainforests

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Effects of deforestation
Increased greenhouse gas emissions
• Forests are capable of diminishing greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour.
• However, they become sources of carbon instead when they are felled, chopped or burned.
• Tropical rainforests can hold and withstand a capacity more than 210 gigatonnes (2.10×1011tons) of carbon, and fifteen percent (15%) of greenhouse gas emissions is represented by deforestation.
• These emissions of greenhouse gases cause the rising of the temperature, altering the weather and water patterns and extreme weathers become more frequent.
• For instance, in Sumatra, Indonesia, rainforests on deep peatlands are converted into pulp plantation (trees that are specially planted
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Depleted biodiversity
• An approximation of eighty percent (80%) among all worlds’ documented species can be tracked and discovered in tropical rainforests-One of the types of forests that are most often exploited and having deforestation activities.
• When the species lose their natural habitat, they often can sustain their life in the remaining small parts or fragments of forested land.
• This also makes them more vulnerable and approachable by poachers.
• This will cause the population to quickly deplete and shrink. For some organisms that fail to reproduce faster in order to compensate the loss, will end up in extinction.
• Apart from large scale deforestation, localized deforestation can lead to extinction too.
• This is because of some unique and exotic species that only exist in minute, isolated areas at certain locations in the world.
• In other words, these unique species cannot be found elsewhere in the world.
Disruption of water cycles
• Trees play a major role in regulating the water cycle locally by aiding in maintaining equilibrium between the water on land and water that is in the atmosphere (water
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• Not only that, former forest lands have the potential to quickly become barren deserts that is not suitable as a habitat due to the loss of water.
Increased soil erosion
• Without the presence of trees due to deforestation, there will be no roots to anchor fertile soil. Instead, there will be occurrence of soil erosion. Earth and soil will be swept into the rivers, especially during a heavy rain.
• Agricultural plants that replace the trees cannot grasp the soil firmly.
• As a matter of fact, most of these plants (for example, cotton, soybean, palm oil, wheat, and coffee) will actually speed up soil erosion.
• According to studies by scientists, there is an estimation that one third of the globe’s land are lost via soil erosion and other variants of degradation, which dated back to 1960.
• When fertile soil is eroded, agricultural companies give up the land that is no longer fertile and will look and hunt for new land, hence more forest will be cleared and the cycle of soil loss continues.

Disruption of livelihoods
• A large amount of people (around millions) highly depend on forests for domestic

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