Essay On Dorothea Oreem's Self Care Deficit Theory

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Nursing theories are an important part of the nursing profession and theory development has been around for centuries. The development of nursing theories is important to the nursing profession because it shows that nursing is a science that has to be learned (Finkelman & Kenner, 2016, p.56). Additionally, the development of nursing theories is important because researchers use theories to test if the research he or she has done is valid and applies to nursing (Finkelman & Kenner, 2016, p. 60). Also, nursing theories guide how each nurse practices because nurses pick a theory that applies to the patient and follows that theory to provide care to the patient. At my current level of practice nursing theories are used daily by nurses to provide …show more content…
Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit theory focuses on patients being included in his or her care and being as independent as possible. Orem’s self-care deficit theory is made up of three major components. The first major component is the theory of self-care. The theory of self-care is about self-care, self-care agency, therapeutic self-care demand, and self-care requisites. Self-care is the activities a patient does on his or her own to maintain his or her health and the self-care agency refers to the patient’s ability to perform self-care activities (Petiprin, 2016). The self-care agency is affected by the patient’s age, culture, life experiences, developmental state, and the resources that are available to the patient (Petiprin, 2016). Therapeutic self-care demand is the amount of self-care actions that need to be performed for a certain amount of time to meet a patient’s self-care needs (Petiprin, 2016). Self-care requisites are …show more content…
There are three nursing systems a patient can be put in once the patient’s self-care needs are assessed. The nursing system the patient is put in guides how much the nurse does for patient. The first nursing system is called wholly compensatory. In this system the patient is unable to perform self-care activities and needs the nurse to perform all self-care activities for him or her (Petiprin, 2016). The second nursing system is the partial compensatory nursing system. In this nursing system the patient needs some assistance from the nurse to perform self-care activities (Petiprin, 2016). The third nursing system is the supportive-educative system and in this system the patient is able to do for his or her self and the nurse only needs to educate the patient on how to perform self-care activities appropriately (Petiprin,

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