Essay Iii

1096 Words 5 Pages
Rachel Bowman
Megan Hodgson
ENG 201
1 April 2016
Annotated Bibliography: Ocean Acidification
Research Questions: What is ocean acidification? What are the causes? What are the consequences?
Blackford, Jerry C. "Predicting the Impacts of Ocean Acidification: Challenges from an Ecosystem Perspective." Journal of Marine Systems 60.2-4 (April 2010): 12-18. Science Direct. Web. 23 Mar. 2016. This journal answers all three of my posed research questions. Ocean acidification is marine uptake of carbon dioxide emissions. These emissions can come from two sources, anthropogenic: originating in human activity, and natural causes: respiration, decomposition, etc. The consequences range widely and greatly depend on future rates. There could
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American Association for the Advancement of Science, 18 June 2010. Web. 23 Mar. 2016. This article focuses on the causes of ocean acidification. The blame is specifically put on anthropogenic sources, human derived. Carbon dioxide is emitted in several different ways but the largest amounts come from the burning of fossil fuels. Whether it be commuting to work or working in a factory, humans are emitting amounts at several gigatons-per-year, some thing that has never been seen before. Since the industrial revolution, these rates have been steadily rising and are predicted to follow the same trends. The effects of this on the ocean are still unclear, but what is known is that they will not be positive.
Ludwig, Claudia, et al. "Ocean Acidification." The Science Teacher 82.6 (2015): 41-8.
ProQuest. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. This article is used by teachers to help teach students about ocean acidification. It gives a broad, easy to understand definition of ocean acidification, a harmful consequence of excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that poses a threat to marine life. There is a module to help understand the causes, processes and consequences of OA (ocean acidification). The blame in this article is put on human activity. The harm done could affect everything from phytoplankton to whales. It addresses the question of what is going to happen as the atmospheric carbon dioxide content continuously rises, one of my leading research questions, as well as how are

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