Renaissance Architecture: Filippo Brunelleschi

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Renaissance Architecture

A little about Renaissance Architecture
The Renaissance architectural period is the period in from 15th century till the 17th century in Europe. Actually Renaissance architecture pursues or follows the Gothic architecture and. The Renaissance architecture can also be described as the renewal and development thought material and culture. Renaissance architecture was developed in Florence, Italy with Filippo Brunelleschi whom we will talk later, one of its finest architects of that period. Brunelleschi used mathematical and geometrical calculations in his designs and he was known as one of the first architects to use it. His style was quickly spread to other cities of Italy and then after that it was spread in Europe.
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As a trained human and true Renaissance man, Alberti was as accomplished as an architect as he was a humanist, musician, and art theorist. Alberti was aspired to create again the glory of ancient times through architecture. His facades of the Tempio Malatestiano and the Church of Santa Maria Novella are based on the fronts of the Roman temples. He did a piece of classical architecture in the Church of Sant'Andrea, the columns here are not used decoratively, but keep their classical function as load bearing supports.

Filippo Brunelleschi
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377–1446) is considered as the first Renaissance architect. He trained as a goldsmith in his city of Florence. Brunelleschi then was interested in architecture and he traveled to Rome to study about ancient buildings. Although Brunelleschi's structures may look kind of simple but they all are based on a fundamental system of proportion.

Let’s talk more about the Renaissance architecture. The architecture of Renaissance period is one of the most beautiful and breathtaking architecture in the world. It’s even greater than the Gothic cathedrals and their tall spires in some circumstances. Many of the photos shown below are taken from buildings, cathedrals, palaces, and baptisteries which each are one of the most interesting places to visit and they are great examples of Renaissance art and architecture, all the photos
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Vatican City (Rome)
Source: wikipedia

Courtyard of Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, Italy. Notice the arches, columns, mouldings and decorateive details, all part of Renaissance architecture.
Source: Wikipedia

Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan, Italy. Architect: Donato Bramante (1444-1514) Notice the brick structure and the N. Italian tradition of a squared dome.
Source: Wikipedia

Villa Capra La Rotunda Architect: Andrea Palladio (1508-80) Notice the four identical facades each with a temple-like portico. It is a centrally planned house with a domed central hall.
Source: Wikipedia

Inside the Church of San Lorenzo, Florence, Italy. Notice the columns, arches and simple lines.
Source: wikipedia

Ponte de Sospiri, "Bridge of Sighs", Venice, Italy.
Source: wikipedia

French Renaissance

Chateau de Chambord, France (1519-30)
Source: wikipedia

Northern Renaissance

Antwerp City Hall (1564), the Netherlands. "Antwerp Mannerism" style. Notice the Dutch gables
Source: wikipedia

Engish Renaissance

Harwick Hall, England. (1590-1597) The English Renaissance began with the reign of Elizabeth I.
Source: wikipedia

Nordic

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