Erikson 's Theory Of Social Development Essay examples
Stage 1: Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust Stage one is from infancy to one year old (Hutchinson, 2015). Infants who form a secure bond with their primary caregiver and have their needs met will develop trust in others (MacCoby, 2002). In contrast, infants who fail to have their needs met and do not bond with their caregiver will grow to mistrust those around them (Hutchinson, 2015).
Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
The Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage includes toddlers, one to three years of age. In this phase, toddlers develop self-determination and an increase in motor skills (Hutchinson, 2015). Children at this age want to be self-reliant, so they resist help from others (Hutchinson, 2015). In particular, this stage is familiar with the “terrible twos”, where toddlers learn to be defiant and say, “No”.…