Essay on Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development

1737 Words Dec 15th, 2014 7 Pages
When psychologists discuss identity, they are alluding to all the beliefs, ideals and values that help shape and aide an individual’s behavior. The development of identity is something that starts in childhood and becomes especially imperative during adolescence. As per Eric Erikson, this proceeds all through life. Our individual identity give each of us a coordinated and binding feeling of self that continues and keeps on growing as we age. Eric Erikson was an ego psychologist who developed one of the most popular and influential theories of development. Erikson’s theory was influenced by Freud, but his theory centered on psychosocial development rather than psychosexual development. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is one of the best known theories of personality in psychology. Erikson accepted that personality develops in a series of stages and his theory describes the impact of social experiences across the entire lifespan. He emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego itself. As indicated by Erikson, every individual passes through eight developmental stages. Each stage is characterized by a different psychological “crisis”, which must be resolved by the individual. Each stage builds upon the successful completion of prior stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future. However, mastery of a stage is not needed to advance…

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