Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

1097 Words Nov 7th, 2015 null Page
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson is best known for his theory on the eight stages of psychosocial development in the human life cycle. He expanded psychoanalytic theory to include the influence of cultural variations on individual ego development, and showed how personality development in certain key individuals can induce widespread cultural changes. By improving Sigmund Freud’s case-history research methods and extending their application beyond childhood to the entire life span, Erikson became the father of contemporary psychobiographical research. Erikson recognized the notions of Freud’ theory, but he believed that Freud misjudged some important dimensions of human development. Erikson stated that humans develop throughout their life span, whereas Freud said that our personality is shaped by the age of five. Erikson developed eight psychosocial stages that humans encounter throughout their life. The stages are: Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair. Although all of these stages are crucial to human development, we will be focusing on Erikson’s first stage, “Trust vs. Mistrust”. This stage is crucial for parents, educators, and caregivers because it can set a good or bad foundation for a child’s development. As we proceed through this assignment, we will also discuss how a child…

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