Essay on Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development

1508 Words Apr 5th, 2015 7 Pages
Erikson in Elementary Schools
Erik Erikson was a German developmental theorist in the mid to late 1900’s. His theory of psychosocial development shared some qualities with those of Sigmund Freud. Where Freud believed children’s development stopped around adulthood, Erikson believed people would continue to develop throughout their lifespan. His research suggested that humans develop through eight stages. “The psychosocial stages refer to Erikson’s basic psychological and social tasks, which individuals need to master at intervals from infancy through old age.” (Corey, p. 69) Erikson stated that a person would be provided with a crisis at the end of each stage, depending on their experiences they would prosper or fail. The outcome of each stage formed the person into himself or herself.
The first 3 stages address infants, toddlers, and young children who still extremely dependent on families around them. Trust verses Mistrust is Erikson’s first stage of development. In this stage an infant, ages zero through eighteen months, will create bonds with their parents. Most infants will learn to trust their parents to meet their needs of survival and have feelings of hope, allowing them to feel secure and safe in life. If an infant is unable to trust they could have feelings of mistrust and can lead to many more dependence problems. From eighteen months through three years of age, children in early childhood will reach the crisis of Autonomy verses Shame and Doubt.…

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