Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development, Attachment, Emotion, Temperament And Personality, And Supporting Children

1076 Words Jun 24th, 2016 null Page
Emotional development was the focal point of chapter eleven. The chapter provided an overview of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, attachment, emotion, temperament and personality, and supporting children who exhibit emotional challenges. Throughout the chapter, bioecological factors were also discussed. As children grow older, they experience multiple changes with regard to their reasoning skills, cognitive processes and language abilities. Additionally, children see changes in their social-emotional domain. Psychodynamic theorist Erik Erikson proposed that children develop from the various changes in life. His eight psychosocial stages consists of age-related conflict that individuals must overcome at in order to gain personal assets. The first stage is referred to as trust versus mistrust, which occurs during infancy and their task is to learn whom they can trust. When caregivers can be depended on to provide food, change diapers and regularly provide affection, infants learn trust. The second stage is referred to as autonomy versus shame and doubt, which occurs during the toddler years. According to Erikson, when caregivers encourage toddlers to become self-sufficient, toddlers develop autonomy where they feel like they are capable of handling problems on their own. The third stage is initiative versus guilt and it occurs during preschool years. When children are encouraged to have their own ideas about activities they want to do, they learn initiative.…

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