Essay about Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development: Young Adults

1498 Words Oct 24th, 1999 6 Pages
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development: Young Adults

The young adult has numerous stresses placed upon them through the route of development. Erikson has theorised developmental stages of growth into tasks. Of
Eriksons' theoretical tasks, one task describes the theory of intimacy versus isolation. This task theory can be examined using the normative crisis model.
The knowledge of developmental tasks of the young adult can be beneficial to the nurse especially associated with their ability to relate to the young adult.

One of the stages in life is the young adult, which suggests significant changes and an increase of responsibility. This stage of development is described as between twenty and forty years, where "...the potential for
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With marriage, a change in "normal" lifestyle occurs, leading to greater demands, responsibilities and development of identity. (Gething, 1995.).

The changes in a lifestyle from an adolescent to a young adult lead to adjustment of situations, e.g. living arrangements, change of school to a career/job and coping abilities, e.g. financial responsibilities. The establishment of this new identity can be stressful and demanding on the young adult. These new changes require a considerable degree of maturity, which
Erikson believes will promote physical and psychological achievement. One change in lifestyle leads to a new task, career preparation. This is an important part of a positive aspect of identity that plays a major role in individual development. (Rapoport, 1980).

Career preparation and achievement assist the individual to achieve further personal and developmental goals. The ability to maintain a job gives the young adult financial independence and they are now at a stage where they can relate establishment of themselves as a worthwhile and significant person to their choice of careers. (Turner & Helms, 1987.).

Career development fuses with many other facts of adult life. Erikson believes the gender of a person affects the eventual career that the young adult, the abilities, interest and personality will also play a role in the choice of career. The consequences of career choice are often voluntarily but can be forced upon for

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