Erik Erikson Essay

10392 Words Feb 18th, 2013 42 Pages
erik erikson's psychosocial crisis life cycle model - the eight stages of human development
Erikson's model of psychosocial development is a very significant, highly regarded and meaningful concept.
Life is a series of lessons and challenges which help us to grow. Erikson's wonderful theory helps to tell us why.
The theory is helpful for child development, and adults too.
For the 'lite' version, here's a quick diagram and summary. Extra details follow the initial overview.
For more information than appears on this page, read Erikson's books; he was an award-winning writer and this review does not convey the richness of Erikson's own explanations. It's also interesting to see how his ideas develop over time, perhaps aided by his own
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Erikson explained his use of the word 'epigenesis' thus: "...epi can mean 'above' in space as well as 'before' in time, and in connection with genesis can well represent the space-time nature of all development..." (from Vital Involvement in Old Age, 1989).
In Erikson's theory, Epigenetic therefore does not refer to individual genetic make-up and its influence on individual development. This was not central to Erikson's ideas.
Erikson, like Freud, was largely concerned with how personality and behaviour is influenced after birth - not before birth - and especially during childhood. In the 'nature v nurture' (genes v experience) debate, Erikson was firmly focused on nurture and experience. erik erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development
Like other seminal concepts, Erikson's model is simple and elegant, yet very sophisticated. The theory is a basis for broad or complex discussion and analysis of personality and behaviour, and also for understanding and for facilitating personal development - of self and others.
The main elements of the theory covered in this explanation are: * Erikson theory overview - a diagram and concise explanation of the main features of model. * The Freudian stages of psychosexual development, which influenced Erikson's approach to the psychosocial model. * Erikson's 'psychosocial crises' (or crisis stages) - meanings and

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