Erik Erikson 's Theory On The Psychosocial Development Of Human Beings

1944 Words Dec 5th, 2016 8 Pages
A. Erik Erikson was a developmental psychologist and theorist best known for his detailed theory on the psychosocial development of human beings. Erikson believed that culture and society plays a pivotal role in the conflicts that can take place within the ego itself. His theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages, each with two possible outcomes. (McLeod, 2008) The stages are: Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Ego Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation and Integrity vs. Despair. Focusing on the stage 5, Ego Identity vs. Role Confusion with basic virtue of fidelity, which occurs in adolescence (ages 12-18). In this stage of development the child has to learn the roles he will occupy as an adult. It is during this stage that the adolescent will re-examine his identity and try to find out exactly who he or she is. Erikson suggests that two identities are involved: the sexual and the occupational. The child becomes more independent, and begins to look at the future in terms of career, relationships and even families. B. For as long as I can remember, I knew I always wanted to become a medical doctor. When I entered Upper school of St. Jago High School, I focused mainly on the sciences but I also studied a broad spectrum of subjects as my thoughts began to waver on what I wanted to become in the future. When I then entered Sixth Form at the same institution…

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