Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Topography And Personality Essay

1646 Words Mar 16th, 2016 7 Pages
Erik Erikson is known for his discussion on psychological stages. He was greatly influenced by Freud, in which he went along with Freud 's theory regarding the structure of topography and personality. According to Erikson, the ego develops as it successfully resolves crises that are social in nature. Among these are establishing a sense of trust in others, developing a sense of identity in society, and helping the next generation prepare for the future. Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order, and continues to build upon each previous stage, this is known as the epigenetic principle. In Erikson’s theory there are eight distinct stages, all in which are assumed to contain a crisis. The eight stages include; Trust vs Mistrust, Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs Inferiority, Identity vs Role Confusion, Intimacy vs Isolation, Generativity vs Stagnation, and Ego Integrity vs Despair.
Erikson’s first psychosocial crisis occurs within the first year or so of life; is the world safe or unpredictable? During the first stage the infant is uncertain of whom or what to trust. They then look toward their primary caregiver for security. If the care they then receive is consistent and meets their needs they will carry the gained sense of trust with them into future relationships. Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of hope, with hope the infant will trust that as new crisis occur there will be someone with them as a…

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