Essay Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development

1845 Words Oct 1st, 2014 8 Pages
One of the most popular theories of psychological development is Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. In contrast to Freud, Erickson theorized that an individual’s psychological development is influenced by internal and external factors such as physical limitations, environment, culture and social experiences and that this development unfolds in stages over an entire life span. Erickson’s theory divides psychological development into eight stages in which psychological conflicts are experienced and the success or failure of their resolution impacts the individual’s progress through to the next stage of development (Erickson, 1982). Erickson’s theorized that each developmental stage builds on the past experiences and learning of the previous stage. For example, Erickson believed that to successfully progress through “Stage 6 - Young Adult” (18-40 years) the individual must have developed an early sense of personal identity and purpose in life gained from the successful resolution of the identity vs role confusion crisis of “Stage 5 - Adolescence” (Erickson, 1982).
Erikson theorized that this success is necessary to resolve the challenges of Stage 6 “intimacy vs isolation” where he considers development focuses on achievement of intimate relationships. A learning to relate to other human beings on a more personal level and a readiness to make long-term commitments to others.
Rob at the age of 25 years of age falls within Erickson’s developmental stage of…

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