Essay on Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Personality

1685 Words Oct 20th, 2016 7 Pages
When studying people, Freud had developed a topography for personality focused mainly on the id. Being Freud, his personality topography was heavily saturated with the psychosexual. Erik Erikson, influenced by the works of Freud, developed his own personality topography. Erikson, however, focused on ego and emphasized the role of culture, society and the conflicts that can take place within a person. According to Erikson, the ego develops as it resolves crises that are social in nature. These involve establishing a sense of trust early on in life, and developing a sense of identity in society. His topography included 8 stages, the first five stages go up to the age of 18 years and the other three stages from 18 until death. Like Freud, Erik Erikson believed that personality develops in a predetermined order, and each stage builds upon one another. This is called the epigenetic principle.
Erikson’s topography of personality is broken into psychosocial crises. The first of the eight is known as Trust vs Mistrust, this happens in the first year of a person’s life and like most people, I have very little recollection of my early years. Stage 2, age 1.5 to 3, is Autonomy vs. shame & doubt. This stage is when children start to learn the difference between right and wrong, they start to explore who they are and what they’re capable of. As previously stated, these stages build on top of one another so it’s no surprise that stage 3 is Initiative vs guilt, ages 3 to 5. This stage is…

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