Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Human Development Essay

1465 Words Jun 13th, 2016 null Page
Test Question 3(B) Erik Erikson claims that human development follows the epigenetic principle. This principle states that humans develop through a predetermined unfolding of personalities over eight stages which are a development of Freud’s psychosexual development. The progress through these stages are in part determined by the success, or lack of success in previous stages. These stages are as follows: Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and finally Integrity vs.Despair. During stage one or trust vs. mistrust, the infant (0 to 1 years old) develops basic trust. Here the child learns the value hope. In stage two (autonomy vs. shame and doubt) which develops from the ages 1 to 2, the child begins to develop a sense of self-consciousness where they become aware of themselves. There is a learned value of will. During stage three or initiative vs. guilt, the play age or ages 3 to 5, the child begins develop a virtue of purpose. The child develops a creative consciousness. During stage four, industry vs. inferiority (years 5-12), the child is in the school age. The child begins to develop skills like reading and writing. They are harnessing the energy to develop their skills. Within this stage, they develop a value of competency. During stage 5: identity vs. role confusion (years 12 to 18), the individual begins to develop…

Related Documents