Essay on Erik Erikson 's Psychosocial Development

1286 Words Oct 20th, 2016 6 Pages
Erik Erikson discusses psychosocial stages. His ideas were greatly influenced by Freud, going along with Freud’s theory regarding the structure and topography of personality. However, where Freud decided to focus on the id, Erikson focused on ego. He emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego itself. According to Erikson, the ego develops as it successfully resolves crises that are distinctly social in nature. These involve establishing a sense of trust in others, developing a sense of identity in society, and helping the next generation prepare for the future. Erikson proposed a lifespan model of development, taking in five stages up to the age of 18 years and three further stages beyond, well into adulthood. Like Freud and many others, Erik Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order, and builds upon each previous stage. This is called the epigenic principle.
Erikson’s topography of personality is broken into psychosocial crises. The first of the eight is known as Trust vs Mistrust, this happens in the first year of a person’s life and like most people, I have very little recollection of my early years. Stage 2, age 1.5 to 3, is Autonomy vs. shame & doubt. This stage is when children start to learn the difference between right and wrong, they start to explore who they are and what they’re capable of. As previously stated, these stages build on top of one another so it’s no surprise that stage 3…

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