Adolescent Development Theory

943 Words 4 Pages
Running head: INFANT AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT. Three important theory’s explaining infant and adolescent development.
Luis M. Villa
Lifespan Growth and Development PSYC.2314
Professor D. Magreehan
June 17, 2016


There are several important perspective theories that explain infant and adolescent development. The three theories that I feel important in infant and adolescent development are Erickson’s Theory, Piaget’s Theory, and Freud’s Theory.
Erickson developed a psychosocial theory with emphasis on social experiences and stages of human development. During infancy there is a basic trust versus mistrust. Infants develop a basic form of trust at such a young age. Infants learn
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During infancy the Oral Stage of Development was classified as the Id. Freud’s theory was during infancy the oral cavity such as mouth, lips, tongue, and gums is the pleasure center. The function was to learn the appropriate amount of sucking, eating and biting. The Id is present at birth, and is a basic instinct for the infant that informs them of need for food, drink, comfort, and nurturance. Freud’s theory during the adolescent stage was known as the Genital Stage. During this stage the adolescent has a surge of sexual hormones in both males and females. The adolescent set out for relationships outside the family such as dating. Freud’s theories have heavy emphasis on sexual instincts.
Piaget and Freud shared some common beliefs during infancy development. Both believed during infancy babies learned and enjoyed everything in their mouth. Where Erickson believed it was more of a trust vs. mistrust time for babies. During Adolescent phase Erickson and Piaget had shared common theories. Both theorist believed Adolescent stage in life was the hardest, due to one finding themselves during an identity crisis, and mental and physical changes. Where Sigmund Freud believed it was a surge of sexual hormones and when an individual
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For example a baby will learn that once he or she cries their mother/father or caregiver will come check on them. Whether they pick them up, give them a bottle, or change their diaper the baby learns someone will come and that forms a trust between the infant and parent. If no one came once the infant cried then they would experience a mistrust. Piaget’s theory on Adolescent’s development stood out to me because I agree this is a very complicated time in life with an individual’s body, hormones, and critical thinking changing all at once it can create a lot of confusion and loss of self-confidence. During this phase we are trying to learn who we are and what we believe in and at times could be persuaded by peers or our elders in what to believe

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