Ergot Poisoning Research Paper

1181 Words 5 Pages
Due to its miniscule size and the fact Claviceps purpurea is an unknown to these people, many commoners that consumed the bakery products made from the flour that was recently made became very ill and fell into the hands of Ergot of rye poisoning, a disease given the nickname back then “holy fire" or "St. Anthony’s fire (Schumann 2016). While ergot poisoning is no longer a concern to us due to the cleansing process harvested grain must undergo through to remove any such parasites or anything that could have been on the agriculture, the uses of ergot fungi began to be realized and thus, medicine/drug to precipitate childbirth was the first product created from this parasite. However, this discovery was not beneficial in the later years once …show more content…
Albert Hoffman took it one step further in the late 1930s’, experimenting on lysergic acid with other reagents to create numerous amounts of derivatives (solutions); one of these derivatives was diethylamide, made by the addition of the -N(C2H5)2 group, forming lysergic acid diethylamide or otherwise known as “LSD-” (May 1998). LSD does acquire a decent amount of history behind it, as well as the scientific development from just analyzing an unknown parasite that caused a great disease outbreak in Europe during the Middle Ages to the discovery of lysergic acid combined with a sample derivative to properly create LSD itself, but when does psilocybin get to show its potential once and for all? To begin with, psilocybin is found in all species belonging to the genus Psilocybe (117 species), primarily found in these plant organisms. The name Psilocybe is derived from the Greek roots “psilos” (bare) and “kube” (head), translating into a New Latin term …show more content…
Since all of these genera are relatively close to being similar/identical, they all do have traces of the psilocybin drug or psilocin, an almost-identical particle to serotonin, structurally and effectiveness, that psilocybin converts to instantly when it finishes metabolizing, but not as much as Psilocybe sp. Looking more in depth of this genus, the most popular and commonly available natural psychedelic currently is the species Psilocybe cubensis (other names could be Stropharia cubensis, Stropharia cyanescens or Stropharia caerulescens) due to being relatively easy to grow; also given the street name “magic mushrooms” due to its known hallucinations it gives off onto its victim. Psilocybe cubensis are commonly found in the subtropical humid forests of New Guinea and mainly Mexico, having the highest number of neurotropic fungi at 76 species, of which 44 of them belonging to the genus Psilocybe (39% of the world), originating and growing there; the likelihood in confronting these fungi gives Psilocybe cubensis another nickname “Mexico Mushroom” (Azarius n.d.). There is also some history about these magic mushrooms, as far back

Related Documents