Epstein's Conceptual Model

Parental involvement has been an ongoing topic for many parents, teachers, schools, and stakeholders. The lack of parental involvement has impacted students’ academic achievements. Furthermore, the involvement within special education parents have decreased once children have entered middle school. This is a problem that sometime feels there is no simple solution. Researcher shows that having the involvement of special education parents demonstrate an improvement in the outcomes for special education students (Thatcher, 2012). According to No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB, 2001), “Local educational agency may receive funds under this part only if such agency implements programs, activities, and procedures for the involvement of parents in programs …show more content…
Research has proven that parental involvement in education is a predictor of a child’s academic success. As students are transitioning to middle school, special education parents are becoming less involved. This trend has impacted students’ achievements, social skills, and behaviors. The NCLB law defines parental involvement as the participation of parents in regular, two-way, and meaningful communication involving student academic learning (NCLB, Section 9101(32)). The US Department of education defines parental involvement as a relationship between schools, parents, and children. Parents with capital have more time to get involved and can influence how well a child learns from …show more content…
Schools are demanded to create programs or activities to encourage parents to get involved. Conant (2013) implies the minimum time that parents take to complete homework or attend a parent meeting contribute to students’ academic achievements. Teachers’ priorities are to improve the learning environment and the learning instructions, in order for every child to improve their academic performance. When schools and educators create an atmosphere of safe, inviting, and acceptance, then the process of engaging increased which leads to students’ achievement. Jason (2012) notes, when parents are involved in their child’s education, the following results happen: improved test scores and grades, increased attendance and homework completion, decrease in special education placements, more positive attitudes and behaviors, increased graduation rates, and increased enrollment in postsecondary institutions cited from (Henderson & Berla, 1994). Special education parents benefit from any program that schools offer to increase the attendance of parents. Most children with special needs show academic improvement when parents set time aside to take part of their school’s activities. From the gathering of Alexander

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