(1. Overview: In your own words, explain what you understand about epistemology. If someone asked you what you studied in this chapter, what could you tell that person? What is still confusing to you? Do you see a distinction between epistemology and metaphysics?) Epistemology is the macrocosm of understanding. It is not simply trying to come to conclusions and make predictable guesses, it is the source of it. It is the “why” to asking questions about the world and about the self, more important. Some forms of ‘understanding’ can feel vague and impersonal, such as the hard sciences. There is very little to relate to when trying to fathom physics and biology, no human aspect of it that we can appreciate. That is where epistemology comes in – because it is an extremely personal approach to an overarching idea of knowledge. Not only questioning that around us but questioning why we find it valid. It is in that distinction that epistemology differs from metaphysics. Whereas metaphysics questions how and why something may or may not exist, epistemology asks us how we know our conclusions to be true.
(2. Vocabulary: List and define at least 10 terms that you did not know or fully understand before reading this chapter and reviewing the content? Which of those are still unclear to you? Bullet points or a numbered list is fine for this section.)
I. A priori knowledge -Knowledge that is justified independently, or prior to, experience.
II. A posterior knowledge -Knowledge based…