Non Enzymatic Browning Research Paper
PART A: NON-ENZYMATIC BROWNING
The Maillard Reaction is a process of non-enzymatic browning foods happens when you cook both reducing sugars and amino acids at high temperatures while dry cooking. The carbonyl group of the sugar interacts with the nucleophilic amino group (amine; -NH2) of the amino acid peptides or proteins to eliminate a molecule of water, a brown pigment, called “melanoidin” is formed after polymerization and odor and flavor of molecules resulted. In the process, hundreds of different flavor compounds are created. These compounds in turn break down to form yet more new flavor compounds, and so on. Each type of food has a very distinctive set of flavor compounds that are formed during …show more content…
There is a relationship between the Maillard reaction and food processing, especially its contribution to flavor, antioxidative impacts, desmutagenic action and the change of protein funtional properties. Proteins altered by glucose, and melanoidins are crucial parts of foodstuffs while the responses of amino acids or peptides with glucose mixes create different sorts of flavor segments. Melanoidins items assume an essential part in giving antioxidative impacts. Melanoidins additionally show desmutagenic action against cancer-causing mixes. Protein-polysaccharide conjugates, arranged via Maillard response at mild conditions, increase the emulsifying property, and in addition antioxidative and antimicrobial impacts of the original …show more content…
For chemical method, sulfite browning inhibitor (principally sulfur dioxide or bisulfite) can be one of the method to inhibit the Maillard Browning reaction. The main reason sulfites can inhibit a wide range of browning reactions is the nucleophilic reactivity of sulfite ion.
Sulfites catalyze the reactions they are added to control. Reaction products include 3,4-dideoxy-4-sulfohexosulose which is formed initially and polymeric substances arise from the reaction of sulfite species with melanoidins.
These sulfur compounds react with hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) near the end of decomposition of the Amadori compound and divert it to a non-reactive product, that is one that cannot be converted to melanoidin pigments.
Sources of error
Quality of ingredients / raw materials: there maybe contamination or spoilage problem of the materials leading to an error
Equipment limitations/ calibration limitations: the pipette may not be calibrated properly or the instrument is unable to take measurement because of calibration