African American Asthma Case Study

Improved Essays
In 2004, over fourteen million adults and six million children in the United States had asthma. A disproportionally large number of these asthmatics were African-American. According to ALA calculations of data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), in 2004, African-Americans had an 11.5% higher prevalence of asthma than whites (American Lung Association 2007). While African-Americans represent only 12.1% of the population of the United States, they represent 25% of the asthmatic deaths. In 2007, African-American children were nearly four times more likely to be hospitalized for asthma than white children (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2007). African-Americans also have higher rates of death due to asthma than whites, …show more content…
Women, in the Jackson Heart Study were found to have a higher prevalence of asthma than men (Hickson et al., 2009). This disparity was attributed to higher amounts of stress, worse perceived general health, and lower education attainment, which could be factors of low SES (Hickson et al., 2009). In looking at mortality rates from asthma in the U.S., Grant et al. found that African-Americans had higher asthma related mortality than whites, that low education led to higher asthma mortality than higher education, and that low income was associated with higher asthma mortality than higher income (Grant, Lyttle, & Weiss, 2000). The previous study showed that black race/ethnicity was associated with higher asthma mortality, independent of SES (Grant et al., 2000); yet, Grant et al. concluded that both black race/ethnicity and low SES were independently associated with high asthma mortality (Grant et al., 2000). Smith et al. have also shown a potential for SES being associated with asthma in African-Americans (Smith, Hatcher-Ross, Wertheimer, & Kahn, 2005). African-American children have a greater risk of asthma than white children, but only among the very poor, showing that environmental factors, such as SES, have a greater impact on asthma than genetics (Smith et al.,

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Aguirre and others (1995) shows occupational distribution between 2006 & 2008. Attendance in managerial roles for blacks are 0.93 versus whites who make up 0.95. Unemployment amongst blacks is higher than in whites. Educational distribution between 2006 & 2008 for blacks and whites were significantly lower for blacks versus their white counterparts. Whites are in high school and college at much higher rates than Black Americans.…

    • 960 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Almost half of the 42 million overweight children under age 5 lived in Asia and one quarter live in Africa (Centers for disease control and prevention, 2016-1). The overweight children in Africa are almost double in number from 5.4 million in 1990 to 10.6 million in 2014. Overweight is a rising problem of low and middle-income countries even though it was once considered as an issue of developed nations (Centers for disease control and prevention, 2016). In United states, the percentage of children aged 6-11 with obesity raised from 7% in 1980 to 18% in 2012 and adolescents of age 12-19 years from 5% to 21% during the same period of time (Centers for disease control and prevention, 2015). One third of the American children between 2 to 19 are obese or overweight and obesity in children is responsible for the rising healthcare costs which is over $147 billion.…

    • 990 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Down's Syndrome

    • 1352 Words
    • 5 Pages

    “The rate of Down’s syndrome for Hispanic infants was 11.8. The rate of Down’s syndrome for White infants was 9.2, and the rate of Down’s syndrome for black infants was 7.3.” This data was collected from the years 1983-1990 in 17 different states in the United States of America. This represented 1 in 4 infants born in the country. Hispanic infants had the highest chance of getting Down’s syndrome while the black infants had the lowest chance of getting Down’s syndrome in this study. Some health problems associated with Down’s syndrome are hearing loss (75%), obstructive sleep apnea (50-75%), eye diseases (60%), and heart defects (50%).…

    • 1352 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    For infant mortality, Germany has 3.4 deaths per 1000 live births as of 2010 (Busse). The death rate in 2015 was 1100 deaths per 100,000 people and the most common causes include heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease (“Germany”). In the US, the numbers are slightly different, such as the life expectancy of a man is 76.4 while for a woman it is 81.2. The US has a mortality rate of 839.1 deaths per 100,000 men and it is 804.4 deaths for women. Some of the most common causes are long term diseases, such as cancer and heart problems.…

    • 1728 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    According to Baron-Cohen et al., fetal testosterone has an inverse relation with eye contact duration and frequency in 12 month olds. The more fetal testosterone a child experienced in utero, the less frequent the eye contact exhibited at 12 months. Eye contact is something that should be present in normal social communication, but it is lacking in individuals with ASD. There is also a negative association between fetal levels of testosterone and empathy at both 48 and 96 months. The higher the levels of fetal testosterone, the less empathizing behaviors present.…

    • 1654 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In addition, the mortality rates for those groups are nearly three times higher than white for ages four and under. Infant mortality relates to the age of the female at the time of birth showing that Black and Puerto Rican women have lower infant mortality between the ages of 15 and 19, while white women show better rates in their twenties. This could be due to Geronimus, the “weathering hypothesis” which relates the increased effects that the exposure to unhealthy or adverse conditions has on the chronological age (Williams, Mohammed, Leavell, & Collins, 2010). For example, while African American women have a lower overall incidence rate of breast cancer, under 40 years of age, they experience increased prognosis that includes advanced stages at detection and poorer outcomes than their white counterparts…

    • 742 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Breast Cancer Case Study

    • 1419 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Additionally, young black women have been found to have a much higher incidence rate when compare to white women of the age (Ademuyiwa et al., 2015). Prevalence have been found to be higher among older individuals than younger individuals affected by the disease. Breast cancer is still an important health issue which requires more medical research as it is still unknown as to why the biology of breast cancer among young individuals is different from that of older individuals. Breast cancer in younger women have been found to be associated with more aggressive histopathological characteristics such as higher-grade tumors, more advanced stage of disease, and lower hormone receptor positivity (Ademyuiwa et al., 2015). The mortality rates of women aged 50 and…

    • 1419 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    More than half of the diabetics in my facility are Hispanics. The following facts show how diabetes impacts Hispanics: • The risk of diabetes is 66% higher among Hispanic/Latino Americans than among non-Hispanic white Americans. • Hispanics are 1.7 times more likely to start treatment for ESRD related to diabetes than non-Hispanic…

    • 727 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Obesity among African American women vs. Caucasian American women Introduction Obesity has become an epidemic issue and its growing fast in this country. More than one-third of adults and seventeen percent of youth were obese in 2009 and 2010 (CDC, 2012). African American women have the highest obesity rate than any other race in the nation. Four out five of those women are African American according 2012 study by the Centers of Disease and Control and prevention (BU Today, 2012). The aim of this paper is to understand why African American women have higher rate of obesity when compared to other races.…

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    This article focused on the lack of standardization of the pathology tissue as well as stage, grade, poverty index, and treatment factors and compensated for these. These factors could certainly explain racial differences in survival among the breast cancer subtypes. What is currently known is African-American women have a lower lifetime risk of breast cancer but their mortality rates are significantly higher when compared to white American women. It is also known that the age at which they are diagnosed differ, African-American women are more likely to be diagnosed under that age of forty-five in comparison with Caucasian women. Additionally African-American women’s tumors are much more likely to be negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and/or the HER2/neu marker (Amirikia 2011).…

    • 1291 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays