Effects of water pollution
Water pollution has a duel effect on nature. It has negative effects on the living and also on the environment. The effects of pollution on human beings and aquatic communities are many and varied. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated sewage in developing countries. An estimated 700 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet, and 1,000 Indians children’s die of diarrhea every day and so many other countries too. Nearly 500 million Chinese lack access of safe drinking water (Owa 2013).
Definitely with all these, we can expect that there is going to be a reduction in productivity. “Biomas and diversity of communities are to be expected when large amount of toxic materials is released into the streams, lakes and coastal waters in the ocean” (Owa 2013). Much of aquatic pollution involves sewage in which organic waste predominate. This waste can increase secondary productivity while altering the character of the aquatic community. Most fishes especially the species desired as food by man are among the sensitive species that disappear with the least intense pollution. …show more content…
But just as toothaches can be prevented and treated, pollution can be controlled and monitored. Preventing or controlling pollution is easier and cheaper than cleaning it up later. However, the task of controlling pollution today is not easy. The tremendous amount of types and sources of water pollution, in addition to its complex nature, calls for conducting much study and research into pollution problems. The most effective means of controlling pollution results from cooperation between scientists, legislators, citizens and industry. From all the findings above, water pollution is an environmental problem that is of major concern to us in the world at large. Human contribution to water pollution is enormous by way of defecating; dumping of refuse, industrial wastes and washing of clothes etc. (Egilabor, 1998) apparently, environmental education is of immense importance to use particularly in schools and should have a place in the school curriculum. In this way they will be less inclined to pollute our