Comparison: English Riding Vs Western Riding

Better Essays
Maddie Buxton
28 November 2017
4th Hour Composition
English Riding v Western Riding Western and English are two completely different styles of equestrian riding. Not only are the types of events different, but the tack and the types of horses used as well. English riding came about long before western riding. English riding originated in in England and was then brought to the United States. English riding is considered to be the traditional way of horseback riding (English or Western). English saddles are designed much different than western saddles. An English saddle is designed to be close fitting to allow the rider close contact with the horse. A western saddle is much heavier and has more parts to the saddle. Western saddle were designed
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Western saddles also have what are called swells. The swell is designed to keep the cowboy’s body in the saddle. English saddles do not have the extra back cinch as well. English saddles have stirrup leathers and irons while western saddle have a wider finder and a wider stirrup. English saddle come in different styles depending on the discipline the horse is in. Western saddles come in different varieties as well. There are many different events in both English and western equitation. Some western disciplines include but aren’t limited to; western pleasure, reining, cutting, roping, working cow horse, western riding, barrel racing, pick up men, and trail riding. English disciplines on the other hand are much more refined. Classical dressage, dressage, english pleasure, eventing, field hunter, foxhunting, hunt seat are just some English disciplines. English disciplines are different than that of western ones for several reasons. Many western disciplines use cattle or are speed events such as barrel racing and steer wrestling or “bulldogging” as most cowboys call it. Steer wrestling is an event in which a person on horseback chases a steer before jumping from the horse and attempting to wrestle the steer …show more content…
Both types of horses used for western and English riding are Warmbloods. Warmbloods are a group of middle-weight horse types and breeds primarily originating in Europe and registered with organizations that are characterized by open studbook policy, studbook selection, and the aim of breeding for equestrian sport. Most of the horses competing in dressage and show jumping today are warmbloods or warmblood types. These include the Selle Francais, Trakehner, Hanoverian, Irish sport horse, Wurttenburger, Oldenburg, Danish Warmblood, Dutch Warmblood, Belgian Warmblood and Australian Warmblood horses. These horses are typically taller with small defined heads. They have long legs with strong hindquarters that makes them good for jumping. They also have large rib cages that enables them to have larger lungs and makes these horses incredibly good at running long distances. The most common western horse breeds are the American Quarter Horse, the Paint Horse, Appaloosa, and the Hancock. These breeds are larger boned and are also more compact. These horses were built shorter and have more compact muscles. This allows these types of horses to get short bursts of speed which makes them good for working cattle. Since these types of horses have such strong hindquarters, they are huge stoppers. When someone says “huge stopper” this means that the horse drops his hind end and uses its hind quarters to

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