Endurance And Strength Training

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Physical activity is one of human health major determining factor globally. Sedentary lifestyles coupled with overconsumption of overly processed carbohydrates are some of the primary causes increased rates of obesity and need for exercises. There are various types of exercises which aid individuals in avoiding the obesity problems by maintaining a healthy body. The two most common types of exercises comprise the endurance and strength training. Endurance training is predominantly an aerobic activity which is appropriate for supporting favorable cardiovascular and metabolic effects and processes. It is characterized by repetitive isotonic contractions which occur in the large skeletal muscle groups. Endurance training mainly consists of various …show more content…
Furthermore, this is by gradually improving their capacity to resist forces, for instance, by using certain weight-lifting machines, free weights, and an individual’s body weight. It is aimed at imposing a gradually bigger resistance that fuels muscles strength development to meet the additional demand. During the endurance and strength training processes, the adaptive responses of the human skeletal muscles are differently affected as they undergo several physiological and metabolic changes in response to the activities.
Physical training initiates several spontaneous changes within the active muscles. The degree of the changes is often dependent on the nature of the exercise, for instance, the time consumed and the intensity of the training involved. The skeletal muscle, on the other hand, is a specialized tissue actively involved in the production of the tension force required in moving the skeletal system. The tension force in the tissue is produced due to the interactions between the actin and myosin.
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Hypertrophy is due to increase in number and magnitude of myofibrils present in skeletal muscles. During the strengthening training, skeletal muscles experience changes which result in muscle soreness [5]. Various soreness is experienced immediately after undergoing the training while some may occur during the exercise. Furthermore, this soreness in skeletal muscles rapidly dissipates since it is not physically limiting. Nonetheless, a more limiting soreness may be experienced twenty-four to forty-eight hours after the training. The delayed inception of soreness in muscles is mainly linked with eccentric-form muscle activity when muscles exert force as they lengthen. This occurs when an individual drops a weight from an entirely flexed to an entirely stretched point. Thus, the delayed muscles soreness onset occurs because of structural damage caused by skeletal muscles. Moreover, in its adverse form, such damage may comprise disturbance of contractile components and cell membrane rupture of particular muscles fibers

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