Endangered Animals: The Javan Rhino

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Endangered species are organisms that have such a reduced population that they are threatened with extinction. There are thousands of different species that are included in this list. Millions of years before humans existed, causes of extinction of living things were mostly linked to geological and climate effects (environmental change). Even though, environmental change is still the primary root for the extinction of organisms, but now the process of extinction is accelerated by human modernization and development and activity.

The Javan Rhino is one of the most endangered species in the world at the moment. As you can see in Diagram 1, the population is as few as 35 existing in the world. All of the world’s Javan Rhinos are situated in
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Illegal wildlife trade also interrupts nature’s cycle. Over exploitations of different organisms affects the cycle in a lot of ways. Similarly how overfishing causes imbalance to the marine system. Our existence on earth depends on careful and conservative use of wildlife species and their habitats. The Javan Rhino, even though endangered still has a chance to start reproducing and rebuilding the population even though the population of rhinos are significantly little; the low genetic diversity makes the survivability for Javan Rhinos extremely difficult. “We have brought white, black and Indian rhinos back from the brink of extinction so we know how to save rhino species. Now it’s time to pull together as a global conservation community to do the same for the Javan rhino.” Dr. Barney Long explains. Many organizations are working together to save the rhino family by raising awareness and supporting anti poaching patrols. The WWF is an organization that devotes themselves to the preservation of many endangered animals. They are conducting ongoing research towards the Javan Rhino to understand important information about the species’ behaviors, movement, distribution, population, gender ratio and genetic diversity. They are also working extremely closely with the national park to keep track of population. The WWF sets down camera traps to record footage on Javan Rhinos; and in 2010 the camera traps recorded footage of two rhino calves in the tropical rain forests. Before the camera traps caught the footage, only twelve Javan Rhino births were recorded in the past decade. The WWF is also working with the national park on habitat management. Their main efforts have been focusing on removing harmful organisms. like the Argena Palm. By doing this, researchers can now prove that one of the world’s rarest species are

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