Employment and Labor Law
Employment and Labor law initially arose out of protection for employee as a result of the outcomes being one-sided towards employers. There are four categories dealing with employment law. The most famous of these is the Employment at Will which is also known as the Law of Wrongful discharge to many. Pay and Benefits is another category to be mindful of when thinking in terms of Labor Law, this category also includes safety and privacy issues for the employee. The third category deals with Union-management relationship, and last but not least is discrimination and harassment. Who has what responsibility in these sensitive issues is what we are going to discuss within this document.
The famous Employment
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Another condition of employment is Pay and Benefits. The Fair Labor Standards Act was passed in 1938 which monitors the law regarding an employee’s pay. This Law is applicable to employers having two or more employees and involved in interstate commerce. Child labor is also regulated under this act in that it forbids children under 14 from working and standardizes the work of minors 14 through 18. It’s hard to believe that this act also controls minimum wage standards which is set by Congress and also regulates the forty hour work week. When I say hard to believe it is because I feel the minimum wage is very low and see how people struggle to pay their bills even if they work a forty hour work week by both parents. Congress needs to impose those same standards on themselves along with all other laws that they exempt themselves from. Speaking of a forty hour work week; any hours worked over forty must be paid at time and one-half. As with other laws, there are exceptions to the rule. In this case, child actors, agricultural workers, management and outside sales personnel may be exempt.
An Act that I find equally important is the Family and Medical Leave Act. This Act guarantees an employee to be able to retain their position or at least employment should they exercise their right to care for a family member.