Employee Motivation Research Paper

2405 Words Feb 25th, 2012 10 Pages
Motivating Employees

Introduction

Employees are motivated by both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. In order for the reward system to be effective, it must encompass both sources of motivation. Studies have found that among employees surveyed, money was not the most important motivator, and in some instances managers have found money to have a de-motivating or negative effect on employees. This research paper addresses the definition of rewards in the work environment context, the importance of rewarding employees for their job performance, motivators to employee performance such as extrinsic and intrinsic rewards, Herzberg’s two-factor theory in relation to rewarding employees, Hackman and Oldman model of job enrichment that
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Herzberg concludes that if both factors are present, employees experience satisfaction, motivation and enhanced job performance (p. 487).

To guarantee that the reward system is effective and achieves the desired performance, it is important to carefully consider the rewards, how they are administered, and ensure that they are linked to or based on performance. Rewarding performance should be an ongoing managerial activity, not just an annual pay-linked ritual. According to Bateman & Snell (2009), Hackman and Oldman introduced a model of job enrichment that identifies how well-designed jobs lead to high motivation, superior performance and employee satisfaction, while contributing to low absenteeism and turnover. These effects are the result of employees being given the opportunity to perform enriched jobs that offer skill variety, task identity and significance, autonomy and feedback. By performing tasks requiring several skills and talents, monotony is not a factor, and employees are empowered to assume responsibility for the completion of a whole project where he or she feels a personal investment, or one that may result in a positive and important impact on the lives of others. These dimensions result in a psychological state of experienced meaningfulness of the work. (p. 488)
Rewarding strategies Cicerone et al (2007), suggests financial and non-financial strategies for rewarding employees’ performance

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