Emotion and Motivation Essay

2857 Words Feb 10th, 2012 12 Pages
AP Psychology Niland

Notes on Motivation and Emotion – Chapter 9 Essential Questions: • In what ways are humans motivated to behave? • What methods of motivation are more effective than others? • How can one increase their motivation to behave in various ways? • What is the role of hunger in motivating behavior? • How do maladaptive eating patterns affect behavior? • What role do emotions play in behavior? • How do cognitions affect emotions? • How does stress influence health and behavior? • How can people reduce stress? • In what ways can stress be beneficial? • How do social factors affect the influence of stress on health and behavior? Unit Objectives Discuss the similarities of instinct and drive theories. Discuss the difference
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Arousal Theory (Hebb) – a. the belief that whenever the level of stimulation dips below an organism’s optimal level, the organism seeks ways of increasing it b. well fed animals will leave their shelter to explore seemingly in the absence of any need based drive c. Yerkes-Dodson Law – the proposition that the relationship between arousal and performance involves an inverted U-shaped faction, with better performance occurring at moderate levels of arousal

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Chapter 9 – Motivation and Emotion

Page 2 of 8

AP Psychology Niland

Notes on Motivation and Emotion – Chapter 9 4. Expectancy Theory (McClelland) – a. explanations of behavior that focus on people’s expectations about reaching a goal and their need for achievement as energizing factors b. motive – a specific (usually internal) condition, usually involving some form of arousal, which directs an organism’s behavior toward a goal c. social need – an aroused condition that directs people to behave in ways that allow them to feel good about themselves and others and to establish and maintain relationships 5. Cognitive Theory (Deci) – a. in the study of motivation, an explanation of behavior that asserts that people actively and regularly determine their own goals and the means of achieving them through thought 1. intrinsic motivation – motivation that leads to behaviors engaged in

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