Functionalist Theory Of Education Essay

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One of the important things to establish is that functional is essentially a consensus theory. This means that it advocates social academies in order to promote education and therefore, harmony to the society. In Item A, it makes certain functionalists views which may differ but makes them positively reflected. However, there are certain arguments such as Marxists and the New Right argument which could negate the points made through Functionalism and Item A.
Firstly, one of the most important views is that of Emile Durkheim, who argues that everything is in social order due to society’s needs. He states that in order for society to sustain, it requires to adopt the culture of the society, in this case he means that through education the society’s young learn the culture and how to behave according to circumstances. This would sustain the culture and order of the society and would help it run smoothly. As stated in Item A “Secondary socialisation….habits needed for work” means that school transforms the individual from being themselves and what society wants from them. It could be said that education helps the child develop a social solidity and skills to use it in the world.
One of the most common criticisms of the Durkheim theory is that he doesn’t regard an individual due to his/her respect and personal integrity. As he
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Durkheim, Parsons, Davies and More, all advocate that education helps children to understand society’s function and how to become a part of it. Whether it be personal integrity or role allocation education helps the society function and preserves the culture and the economy through it. However, it is not necessarily true as these ideas could be easily countered through Marxists or free will. It is important to note that either way functionalism does play an important role in education as it is dependent on

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