Alignment of Academic Standards with ELL Proficiency Standards
Grand Canyon University
May 8, 2011
This essay focuses on standards-based instruction and its effects on English language learners. Furthermore, this discussion will address the purpose for creating ELL Standards and the resulting benefits the standards provide both teachers and students within ELL departments throughout the country. As the amount of second language learners steadily increases, it is critical that the components necessary to decrease the language barriers, which can negatively affect students’ daily performance, be analyzed and modified as necessary.
In 1983, a report titled, A Nation at Risk: The
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Therefore, students are now measured based on their knowledge of the set content standards, rather than receiving norm-referenced rankings. Later, the United States Department of Education required that all states develop English language proficiency standards for English language learners (Arizona Department of Education, 2007). Therefore, the Arizona Department of Education’s (ADE) Office of English Language Acquisition Services (OELAS) created language proficiency standards for all ELL students. These standards, often referred to as ELP standards, serve the purpose of measuring the English language proficiency (or mastery) of students within the ELL department. In result, teachers are able to utilize these standards as benchmarks for centering instruction on increasing English fluency within the classroom. The ELP standards are aligned with the state’s language arts standards; the standards are designed to serve as a supplement to the original K-12 standards. These ELP standards serve to develop the skills necessary to eventually meet the state’s standards and most importantly are based on the foundations of language acquisition and the standards of second language learning development. The standards are categorized into the following four domains: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Each of the domains is broken into four parts, including: an introductory statement,