Elements Of Psychodynamic Theory

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Psychodynamic Theorist
The foundation of psychodynamic theory consists of four main elements. These elements include three levels of awareness, three psychic structures of personality, the psychosexual stages, and the defense mechanism used to cope with anxiety (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010). Within this paper will be an explanation of psychodynamic theory as Sigmund Freud designed it and how neo-Freudian theorist such as Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and Erik Erikson advanced Freud’s concepts. Furthermore, this paper will illustrate how Freud’s school of thought still influences theorist and therapy in the 21st century.
Sigmund Freud
The father of psychodynamic theory Sigmund Freud treated neurotic disorders such as illnesses that had no physical causes.
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Freud’s work lead to several methods to explore an individual’s unconscious these include free association and dream analysis (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010). Freud believed that humans are all born with basic needs, such as sexual gratification and aggression. Personality develops by way of a person’s struggles to meet these needs in the ways of the world, which often frustrates these efforts. Freud’s structure of personality involves the id, ego, and the superego (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010). The three structures of personality are always in conflict with each other. The id demands, the superego denies, and the ego tries to pacify the id and superego (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010). Freud’s personality development views involve psychosexual stages. The oral stage starts at birth and lasts until the child is about a year old. The anal stage takes over at 12 moths and lasts until the child is about two years old. The phallic stage lasts from three years to about five years old. As a child moves through the various psychosexual stages, their personality develops. When a child fails to resolve the …show more content…
Collectively, all psychodynamic theories emphasize unconscious motives and desires and the importance of a child’s experiences in shaping his or her personality. Psychological breakdowns happen when a person’s conscious and unconsciousness conflict and psychoanalysis can be beneficial in curing the conflict, which relieves psychological problems. Treatment goals would include making the unconscious conscious, allowing the patient to begin recognizing maladaptive patterns in how they think, feel, and behave. When a patient’s unconscious is made conscious, the maladaptive patterns are no longer

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