Eight Hours Of Sleep Essay

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Misinformation in headlines directly impact what readers expect from the article and leaves readers with false first impressions. The headline is the first part of an article readers are exposed to, it tells the readers “what kind of article [they]’re about to read […] and it sets the tone for what follows” (Konnikova). For example an article with the headline “A Gene That Makes You Need Less Sleep” and the same article with the headline “Why We Need Eight Hours of Sleep” were remembered differently by readers (Konnikova). This because the choice of phrasing and the specific assignment of attention on details or facts “can influence your mindset as you read so that you later recall details that coincide with what you were expecting” (Konnikova). …show more content…
According to Ullrich Ecker, a psychologist and cognitive neuroscientist at the University of Western Australia, “information that is initially accepted as valid but is later found to be incorrect can have a persistent influence on people’s memory and reasoning” and attempts to correct the incorrect interpretations “are often relatively ineffective even when people demonstrably remember the correction. As a result, people continue to rely on retracted misinformation in their inferential reasoning” (Ecker). Ecker conducted an experiment where he had different people read the same articles but with different headlines to see exactly how much headlines influence what people understand from the articles. One of the articles explained the change in the rate of burglaries. Although there was a 0.2 per cent rise in the past year, there was a 10 per cent decrease in the past ten years. For the experiment, some subjects were given the article with the title “Number of burglaries going up” while others were given “Downward trend in burglary rate.” The subjects were then given a “surprise quiz,” consisting of six questions that required the readers to recall details from the

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