Egypt, Mesopotamia and Ancient Greek Civilizations The Ancient Egyptians, Mesopotamia, and Greeks were some of the oldest complex societies, although similar in many aspects. Mesopotamia is located in the Fertile Crescent, land in and between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers usually known as modern day Iraq and Eastern Syria.(24) In Egypt, the Nile River creates a fertile valley which is rich in nutrients and essential to their survival. The Nile flows from Burundi, slightly south of the equator eventually traveling through Egypt and into the Mediterranean. Ancient Greece is situated very closely to Egypt so trading was easy between them. How are these three civilizations comparable and different?
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The Lugals established military enforcement and established laws to society. They also had a duty to over look most building projects. Subsequently, Mesopotamia divided into city-states and was ruled by governors in later periods. Ancient Egypt was also a theocracy, dictated by a clergy. The Pharaohs advisors were most likely the priests they were the only ones trusted to execute the Pharaohs commands. Government officials included the Vizier, or the prime minister, the chief treasurer, the tax collector and the army’s commander. These officials had to report and plead allegiance to the Pharaoh. The land was separated into provinces called nomes. Each one of these nomes possessed a governor, who was chosen by the pharaoh and had to answer to the Vizier. Taxes were paid in goods and services. The vast majorities of Egyptians individuals were peasants and worked near the fertile Nile River, they did not have a voice in the government and they accepted this fact because it was supported by their religion. Ancient Greece had many different forms of government including a democracy like the Mesopotamians. This was because of the fact there were different cities and towns, each with their own requirements and demands. They were called polis, which in modern terms is translated as politics evolved. In the Bronze Age the city-states, Mycenae, Sparta, Athens, and Corinth Ithaca were all