Relationship Between Id Ego And Superego

Improved Essays
The id, ego, and superego are components of the psychic apparatus described in Freud’s novel, “An Outline of Psycho-Analysis”. Freud observed and analyzed these three theoretical constructs which outline the interaction of our mental life to explain the reasons behind one’s behaviors. The id, ego, and super-ego have a complex relationship that considers circumstances and needs of the body to behave in a certain manner. Each component has a specific function in the psyche. The id mainly concerns itself with the pleasure principle, the ego considers both the needs of the id and superego, while the superego acts as the moral and ethical principle. These components vary in their degree of expression, which leads to an imbalance of the ego. When the pressure from the id or superego is too strong, the ego becomes weak and succumbs to the influence of its counterparts. …show more content…
The id strives for immediate gratification while the superego follows a strict moral code. The ego is responsible for seeking pleasure and avoiding dissatisfaction, while taking the external world, the id, and the superego into account. However, when the pressure from the id or superego is too strong, the ego becomes weak and submits to the influence of its counterparts. This is observable when a person acts overly aggressive, anxious, or guilty. After reviewing the function of each component, it is evident that each has its faults. The id is concerned strictly with itself, the ego becomes weak when faced with too much pressure, and the superego can demand too much from an individual. These distinct factors create a complex system that guide one’s behaviors. Since the ego is influenced both by the id and superego, and an individual is not always calm and they exhibit anger or anxiousness, then it fits that the ego best represents the actions of an

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The ego considers social realities and norms and decides how to properly behave. Finally, the superego works to control the id’s impulses and to persuade the ego to operate under the guide of morals. An important factor of the superego is that it can punish the ego through feelings of guilt. If the ego gives into the id’s demands, the superego can make the psyche feel guilt. The superego is working with the idea that there is an ideal self or the perfect and imaginary picture of how one ought to be.…

    • 2132 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    However, if one were to overreach the mean via the emotional action ‘fear’ they would receive the term coward. These capacities, with the help of the vices are what motivate and push us in the right or wrong direction for one to practice and achieve character virtue. Thus far, we have learnt that through virtue of character principle is preserved whereas vice corrupts it. Simply put, virtue is all about pleasure and pain in addition to, or as a response to our actions and feelings. It is also known that although we’ve talked about ‘study’ in the context of learning, in the end it leads us to wisdom - “which studies eternal and necessary truths concerning nature and reality...”(NE…

    • 1885 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The ego goes off the reality principle, which means it wants to appease the id, but in a realistic and socially adequate way (Sack, 2015). The ego takes in social norms, expected manners, and rules. This is where most of the internal conflict occurs. There is a tension between the id and the superego, both are on the opposite side of the spectrum with the ego in the middle. If continually finds itself fighting the primitive wants of the id and always being watched by the superego (Sack, 2015).…

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Finally, thinking that one has control over a situation can make the person feel responsible for outcome. If the outcome is negative, the person will be regretful and if the outcome is positive, the person will have hubris. Both of these situations will lead to unhappiness. Through the three examples, it is evident that control can lead to unhappiness. However, the brain and people still desire control, which just takes a person away from happiness.…

    • 1980 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The concept of virtue is complex both in theory and in practice. Philosophers have and continue to try and define it as well as offer advice on how to live a virtuous life. Aristotle states that the virtuous person feels the right thing at the right time. Contrastingly, Kant explains that the virtuous person is in the process of self-perfection and is bound to have affects. That mirrors Tangney et al’s theory that the virtuous person is guilt-prone and guilt, as well as other moral emotions, lead to virtuous actions.…

    • 1364 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    “The superego represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment,” acting as our moral compass (Myers 516). The superego works along side the ego by taking not only the real, but also the ideal into consideration. Since the superego and id often conflict in desires, the ego must act as the peacemaker between the two, restraining us from displaying unapproved impulses in public (Myers 516). This can cause anxiety because the ego often distresses in losing its authority over certain situations (Myers 517). This leads to Freud’s objectives on how people prevent anxiety through defense…

    • 849 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Freud And Psychoanalysis

    • 1668 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Where the Id is mainly unconscious the Super ego internalizes conscious norms, rules and moral values of society (Murdock, 2013). It takes messages form the external world that is perceived as the right into consideration and internalizes these messages and morals to distinguish between wrong and right (Murdock, 2013). The Superego is serves the function of curtailing the drives if the Id. In ignoring the Superego this may cause the individual feelings of guilt and anxiety. The Superego just like the Id is based on an extreme side of the coin, in that its perfectionist and too controlling.…

    • 1668 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Reticent individuals are very sensitive to negative evaluation as they might avoid in communicating with others. Interaction is important part of human nature because it satisfy our innate predisposition to develop and sustain a relationship. Perceive Incompetence. Individuals who avoid communicating often view themselves as incompetent or lacking in communication skills. Reticent individuals view themselves as less competent to non-reticent individuals.…

    • 2079 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Moral Resilience

    • 1066 Words
    • 5 Pages

    People with low self-esteem do tend to be critical of themselves and do depend on the approval and praises of others when evaluating self-worth. In reviewing for this article to talk about myths of low self-esteem do you believe that anger built up in person should be held in or released? The fact is you should express the anger it is cathartic, rather than waiting for the anger to subside on its own after a…

    • 1066 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    A lack of those indulgences, and a feeling of need for them leads to discomfort with one’s being. Benevolence interacts with specific passions as well. Benevolence in combination with specific passions benefits human esteem for success. Furthermore it aids courage, and our contempt for vice. Contempt for vice is an especially important element considering it not only builds a quality person, but increases their resistance to temptation, and other evils.…

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays