Essay Efficiency Analysis of Container Port Terminals

65951 Words Apr 6th, 2015 264 Pages
Efficiency Analysis of Container Ports and Terminals

Qianwen Liu

A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of University College London

Centre for Transport Studies Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering University College London 2010
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Declaration
I, Qianwen Liu, confirm that the work presented in this thesis is my own. Where information has been derived from other sources, I confirm that this has been indicated in the thesis.

Candidate’s signature

………………………………….. Qianwen Liu

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Abstract
In the past two decades the steady growth of seaborne trade has resulted in the increase of container ships, container ports and their terminals. The structure of the shipping market is,
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The research concludes that trading volume plays a key role in the efficiency of a container port. The annual percentage increase in port output is slower than what the technological improvement allows. Container terminals are proven to be more productive than multiple purpose terminals. Global terminal operators were not proven to out-perform local terminal operators as was expected. It

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was also found that the container terminal operation industry is over-scaled. The research findings here can potentially affect decisions made by carriers, terminal operators and policy makers, as it provides an overview of efficiencies for all container ports/terminals in the two datasets and also examines in detail the sources of inefficiency for individual ports.

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Acknowledgments
I would like to express my gratitude to my supervisor Dr. Francesca Medda for her guidance, advice and encouragement throughout my study. Her support has been invaluable. I would also like to thank Professor Benjamin Heydecker, Professor Lourdes Trujillo and Dr. J D (Puff) Addison for their useful comments and support, which have been of great help and assistance. I am very grateful to Drewry Shipping Consultants, who kindly provided data for this work, and to COSCO for offering me an internship opportunity. Special thanks to Susan Davis for her unstinting help with the English language and Simon Male for his critical eye

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